A Natural Wonder
The Zambezi River
The Victoria Falls
Ecology of the Victoria Falls
Formation of the Victoria Falls
People of the Victoria Falls
Enter the Ndebele
Discovery of the Victoria Falls
In Livingstone's Footsteps
Development of the Rhodesias
Development of the Railway
Development of Tourism
Development of Victoria Falls Town
Recent History
Further Information
Help support
this site

Footsteps Through Time - A History of Travel and Tourism to the Victoria Falls

To The Victoria Falls

Further information


Adams, P. C. G.(1955), Victoria Falls Anthology Cathedral Appeal Fund, Lusaka.

Agate W (1912) Diary of a tour in South Africa. Holness, London. Free download.

Armstrong, A L and Jones N (1936) The antiquity of man in Rhodesia as demonstrated by stone implements of the ancient Zambezi gravels, south of the Victoria Falls. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institue, ixvi. Free download.

Arnot, F S (1883) From Natal to the Upper Zambezi: First Year Among the Barotse. Mission, Glasgow.

Arnot F S (1889) Garenganze: or, Seven Years Pioneer Mission Work in Central Africa. Hawkins, London. Free download.

Arnot F S (1914) Missionary Travels in Central Africa. Holness, London. Free download.

Baden Powell R S S (1897) Matabele campaign, 1896; being a narrative of the campaign in supressing the native rising in Matabeleland and Mashonaland. Holness, London. Free download.

Baker E (1921) The Life & Explorations of Frederick Stanley Arnot. Seeley, Servive & Co. Free download.

Baines, Thomas (1862), The Victoria Falls, Zambezi River, sketched on the spot by Thomas Baines, FRGS, 1862 (reprint Bulawayo, Rhodesia: Books of Rhodesia, 1969).

Baines, Thomas (1864), Explorations in South-West Africa: Being an account of a journey in the years 1861 and 1862 from Walvisch Bay, on the Western Coast to Lake Ngami and the Victoria Falls. Longmans, Roberts and Green, London. Free download.

Baldwin W C (1863) African Hunting and Adventure from Natal to the Zambesi. Bentley, London.

Baxter, P (20??) Rhodesia, Last Outpost of the British Empire (1890-1980), Galago

Beach, D N (1980) The Shona and Zimbabwe, Mambo Press

Bertrand, A (1899) The Kingdom of the Barotse. T. Fisher Unwin, London. Free download

Bethell, A J (1887) Notes on South African Hunting and Notes on a Ride to Victoria Falls of the Zambesi. Sampson, York.

Boon M (2007) Zambezi - The First Solo Journey down Africa’s Mighty River. Struik

Bond G and Clark J D (1954) The Quaternary Sequence in the Middle Zambezi Valley, South African Archaelogical Bulletin, Vol IX, pp 115-130. Available Online.

Bond G (1963) Pleistocene Environments in Southern Africa. In: Howell F C and Bouliere F (Eds) African Ecology and Human Evolution, Chicago, 1963, pp 308-335.

Bond G (1975) The Geology and Formation of the Victoria Falls. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

Bourdillion M F C (1976) The Shona People. Mambo Press, Gwelo (Gweru

Bowler M (1993) Conservation of the Victoria Falls and proposed World Heritage Site. National Parks Report, Harare.

Brelsford W V (1965) Genereation of Men: The European Pioneers of Northern Rhodesia. Stuart Manning, Salisbury, Rhodesia, p 103.

Brelsford W V (1965) The Tribes of Zambia. Second Edition. Lusaka, Zambia.

Brendon, P (2008) The Decline and Fall of the British Empire 1781-1997, Vintage, London

British South Africa Company (1905?) Guide to the Victoria Falls. London.

Bullock C (1927) The Mashona Juta & Co, Cape Town.

Bullock C (1948) The Mashona and the Matabele Juta & Co, Cape Town.

Bulpin, Thomas Victor (1965), To the banks of the Zambezi. Johannesburg, Nelson.

Carruthers , J (1995), The Life and Work of Thomas Baines. London: Longman, Green.

Chapman, James (1868), Travels in the Interior of South Africa, 2 vols., London [Reprint 1971 A A Balkema, Cape Town] Free download Part 1, Part 2.

Clark J D (1950) The Stone Age Cultures of Northern Rhodesia. South Afr. Arch. Pub. Cape Town.

Clark J D (1950) The origin and spelling of the name Zambezi. Northern Rhodesia Journal, No 6, pp69-71

Clark, J D [Editor] (1952) The Victoria Falls : A Handbook to the Victoria Falls, the Batoka Gorge, and part of the Upper Zambesi River Commission for the Preservation of Natural and Historical Monuments and Relics, Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia.

Clark J D (1952) The Native Tribes in Clark J D [ed] The Victoria Falls, Livingstone. 1952.

Clark J D (1970) The Prehistory of Africa. London.

Clark, J D (1975) Stone Age Man at the Victoria Falls. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

Clark, P. M. (1906?) Souvenir of the Victoria Falls

Clark, P. M & Heath, A (1910?) Victoria Falls : An Album London, P G Hunt

Clark, P. M (1925) Guide to the Victoria Falls (Fifth Edition)

Clark, P. M. (1936) Autobiography of an Old Drifter. Harrap, London.

Clay C G R (1959) The Discovery of the Victoria Falls Northern Rhodesian Journal 4:18-21

Clay C G R (1968) Your Friend Lewanika - the life and times of Lubosi Lewanika, Litunga of Barotseland 1842 to 1916 National Museum of Zambia

Colliard F (1897) On the threshold of Africa - A Record of Twenty Years Pioneering among the Barotse of the Upper Zambezi. Hodder and Stoughton, London. Free download

Colson E, (1949) Life Among the Cattle-Owning Plateau Tonga. Rhodes-Livingstone Museum Occ: Pap. No 6

Colson E, (1950) A Note on Tonga and Ndebele. Northern Rhodesia Journal, No 2, Dec pp 35-41

Cotterill F P D (2006) The evolutionary history and taxonomy of the Kobus leche species complex of south-central Africa in the context of palaeo-drainage dynamics. Ph.D. thesis, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch

Cooke C K (1966) An acount of iron smelting techniques once practiced by the Manyubi of the Matopo district of Rhodesia, S. Afr, Achaeol. Bull. 21(82) 86-87.

Cooke C K (1975) The Zeederburg Coach, Rhodesianna, No 32, March pp 43-7.

Cooke H B & Clark J D (1940) New Fossil Elephant Remains from the Victoria Falls Transactions of the Royal Society of Souther Africa 27:287-319

Cooke H J (1980) Landform Evolution in the Context of Climatic Change and Neotectonism in the Middle Kalahari of North Central Botswana Transactions Institute of British Geographers, v, p80-90

Coupland, R (1928), Kirk on the Zambezi A Chapter of African History, Oxford

Creewel, J. (2004) One hundred Years - A history of the Victoria Falls Hotel - 1904-2004

Critchel, R (2007) A fireman in Africa. From 'The Great North Road' website: http://www.greatnorthroad.org/boma/Fireman_in_Africa

Croxton, A. (1982) Railways of Zimbabwe (originally published as Railways of Rhodesia) [Originally published as Railways of Rhodesia]

Curzon, Lord (1909) The Victoria Falls. From 'The Times,' 14 April 1909

Daniels S G H and Phillipson D W (1969) The Early Iron Age Site at Damba near Livingstone In Fagan B M and Phillipson D W and Daniels S G H, Iron Age Cultures in Zambia, ii, London, pp 3-54

Decle L (1898) Three Years in Savage Africa London. Free download

Derricourt R M (1976) Retrogression Rate of the Victoria Falls and the Batoka Gorge Nature 264, pp 23-25. Available online

Dixey F (1950) Geology. In: Clark J D (ed) The Stone Age Cultures of Northern Rhodesia. South African Archaeological Society, Cape Town, pp 9–29

Du Toit A L (1933) Crustal movement as a factor in the geographical evolution of South Africa. S Afr Geogr J 16:4–20

DuToit R F (1982) A Preliminary Assessment of the Environmental Implications of the proposed Mupata and Batoka Hydro-electric Schemes Natural Resources Board Report, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Ese K (1996) A Historical Guide to Livingstone Town Directory Publishers, Bulawayo.

Fagan, B M [Editor] (1964) The Victoria Falls : A Handbook to the Victoria Falls, the Batoka Gorge, and part of the Upper Zambesi River (Second Edition) Commission for the Preservation of Natural and Historical Monuments and Relics, Lusaka, Zambia

Fagan B M and Phillipson D W and Daniels S G H, (1969) Iron Age Cultures in Zambia - , Volune II, London, pp 3-54

Fanshawe D B (1972) The Vegetation of Livingstone Forest Research Pamphlets, Lusaka Zambia

Fanshawe D B (1975) The Flora. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

Feiden H W (1905) The Stone Age of the Zambezi Valley and its relation to Time Nature 75: 77-78

Foskett (ed.). (1965) The Zambesi Journal and Letters of Dr John Kirk Edinburgh and London

Fox, Francis, Sir. (1924) Sixty-three years of engineering, scientific and social work. London, J. Murray. Free download.

Frew (1934) Prince George's African Tour

Gale, W D (1973) The Years between - half a century of responsible government in Rhodesia.

Gardner M V (1991) Observations on the Victoria Falls Zimbabwe Tourist Board Report, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Gibbons A St H (1897) Explorations and Hunting in Central Africa. Methun, London.

Gibbons A St H (1904) Africa from South to North. Through Marotseland. Lane, London. Free download Part 1, Part 2.

Gupta, A (2007) [editor] Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management John Wiley and Sons, England.

Green L G (1956) Legends of the Victoria Falls In: There's a Secret Hid Away 108-114 Howard Timmins, Cape Town.

Grogan, E S and Sharp, A H (1900) From the Cape to Cairo London, Hurst and Blackett. Free download.

Hamner, E, D (1983) Steam locomotives of Rhodesia Railways: The story of steam, 1892-1979 Frank Stenvalls Forlag

Harding C (1895) In Remotest Barotseland. Hurst, London. Free download.

Hartley R (1993) The Batoka Gorges, Haven for Birds of Prey Africa Wildlife 47:2

Heath R A (1977) Victoria Falls. The Growth of a Rhodesian Village Proceedings of the Geographical Association of Rhodesia 10:15-29

Hobson, G A (1905) The Victoria Falls Bridge, The African World, Vol 3, 9 December, p107

Hobson, G (1907) The Victoria Falls Bridge. Institution of Civil Engineers, Session 1906-1907, Part IV, Section 1. Minutes of Proceedings 19 March, 1907 (Paper No 3675). Volume 170,January 1907, Pages 1–49. Available online Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.

Hobson, G (1923) The Great Zambesi Bridge - The Story of a Famous Engineering Feat. In Weinthal, L

Holly L and Darbois D (1967) Masks and Figures of Eastern and Southern Africa. London.

Holub, Emil (1881) Seven Years in South Africa. Travels, Researches and Hunting Adventures, Between the Diamond-Fields and the Zambesi, 1872-79 London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, (reprinted Johannesburg: Africana Book Society 1976).

Hutchinson, G D (1905) From the Cape to the Zambesi. J Murray, London. Free download.

Hyder Consulting (2007) Footprints on a Global Landscape – 100 years of improving the built environment. Hyder Consulting. Available online.

Indakwa J (1981) King Lewanika and the expansion of British rule in Barotseland 1890-1923 , manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Jalla A D (no date) The History of the Barotse Nation, manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Jeal T (1993) Livingstone Pimlico, London.

Keller B (1967) Wood Carvers of Zambia National Museums of Zambia Special Paper.

Le Roux, Servaas (1939) Pioneers and Sportsmen of South Africa 1760-1890 Salisbury, S. Rhodesia, published by the author and printed by The Art Printing Works

Lamplugh G W. (1907) Geology of the Zambezi Basin around Batoka Gorge Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 63, pp 162-216. Available online.

Lamplugh G W. (1908) The gorge and basin of the Zambesi below the Victoria Falls, Rhodesia Geographical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Feb 1908), pp. 133-152. Available online.

Langman D W (1978) Factors Affecting Syzgium Dirstribution in the Victoria Falls Rain Forest National Parks Research Papers, Harare, Zimbabwe

Livingstone, David (1857), Missionary travels and researches in South Africa : including a sketch of sixteen years' residence in the interior of Africa, and a journey from the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda, on the west coast, thence across the continent, down the river Zambesi, to the eastern ocean, London. Free download.

Livingstone, David & Livingstone, Charles (1865), Narrative of an expedition to the Zambesi and its tributaries and of the discovery of the lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864 London. Free download.

McAdam (1965) Early Birds in Central Africa, Rhodesiana. From: http://www.rhodesia.nl/Aviation/early.htm

McAdam (1969) Birth of an Airline, Rhodesiana. From: http://www.rhodesia.nl/Aviation/rana.htm

McDonald F W (1893) The Story of Mashonaland and The Missionary Pioneers, London, Wesleyan Mission House.

McGregor, JoAnn (2003) The Victoria Falls 1900-1940: Landscape, Tourism and the Geographical Imagination, Journal of Southern African Studies, Volume 29, Number 3, September 2003 , pp. 717-737(21). Available online.

McGregor, JoAnn (2009) Crossing the Zambezi : The Politics of Landscape on an African Frontier. Oxford : James Currey & Harare : Weaver Press

McFarlane M J, Segadika P (2001) Archaeological evidence for the reassessment of the ages of the Makgadigadi. Botswana Notes and Records 33:83–90

Mackintosh C W (1907) Coillard of the Zambesi. Unwin, London. Free download.

Mackintosh C W (1922) The new Zambesi trail ; a record of two journeys to North-Western Rhodesia (1903 and 1920). Unwin, London. Free download.

Macmillan H (2005) An African Trading Empire - The Story of Susman Borthers and Wulfsohn, 1901-2005. I B Tauris & Co Ltd, London.

Mallais J G (1918) Life of F C Selous. Longman, London.

Marshall Hole H (1936) Pioneer Days in Southern Rhodesia. Journal of the Royal African Society. Vol 35, No 138. (Jan, 1936), pp37-47. Oxford University Press. Available online.

Martin, D. (1997) Victoria Falls: Mosi-oa-Tunya African Publishing Group, Harare.

Main, M (1990) Zambezi – Journey of a River, Southern Book Publishers, South Africa.

Maufe H B (1936) The Geology of the Victoria Falls The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institue of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol 66, p348-368. Available online.

Maufe H B (1938) New Sections in the Kalahari Beds at the Victoria Falls, Rhodesia Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 41, p211-224

Metcalfe, Charles (1916) Railway Development of Africa, Present and Future, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Jan 1916), pp. 3-17. Available online.

Michler I (2007) Victoria Falls and Surrounds. Struik, South Africa.

Mizinga, F.M. (1995) Activities characterising the lwiindi ceremony of the Leya of Mukuni chieftainancy of Kalomo District.. Livingstone Museum Newsletter, Vol 3, Issue 1, p24-28.

Moffat R (1842) Missionary Labours and Scenes in Southern Africa R Carter, New York. Free download

Mohr, Edward (1876), To the Victoria Falls of the Zambesi, translated by N. D'Anvers. Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivingston, London (Rhodesia Reprint Library, V28)

Molyneux, A. J. C. (1905), The Zambezi River and the Victoria Falls. Proceedings of the Rhodesia Scientific Association 5:25-29

Molyneux, A. J. C. (1905), The Physical History of the Victoria Falls, Geographical Journal. Vol. 25, No. 1 (Jan., 1905), pp. 40-55. Available online.

Molyneux, A. J. C. (1905), The Victoria Falls of the Zambezi, Bulletin of the American Geographical Society. Vol. 37, No. 4 (1905), pp. 213-216. Available online.

Moore A E, Larkin P A (2001) Drainage evolution in southcentral Africa since the breakup of Gondwana. S Afr J Geol 104:47–68

Moore A E, Cotterill F P D, Main M P L and Williams H B (2007) The Zambezi River. In: Gupta A (ed) Large rivers: Geomorphology and management. Wiley, New York, pp 311–332

Moore A and Cotterill F (2010) Victoria Falls: Mosi-oa-Tunya - The Smoke that Thunders. In: Migon F (Ed). Geomorphological Landscapes of the World.

Mukuni, Chief (1957) Handbook of the Leya History, manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Muntemba M (1970) Political and ritual soverignty among the Mukuni Leya of Zambia. Zambia Museum Journal, i.

Mubitana K (1975) The Traditional History and Ethnography of the Victoria Falls Region. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

Muskett, H B (1957) Steel Highway - The Story of Rhodesia Railways 1897-1957

Newman, M. (1980s) Victoria Falls : a visitors guide to Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls Publicity Association. [Reprinted 1990s]

Nugent C (1990a) The Formation of the Victoria Falls. In: Phillipson D W (Ed), Second Edition.

Nugent C (1990b) The Zambezi River: Tectonism, Climatic Change and Drainage Evolution. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 78:55–69. Available online.

Oates, Frank (1881) Matabele Land and the Victoria Falls: A Naturalist's Wanderings in the Interior of South Africa. C.G. Oates, editor. London: C. Kegan Paul and Company. Free download.

Oswell, W. E. (1900), William Cotton Oswell: Hunter and Explorer, The Story of His Life William Heinemann, London. Free download Part 1, Part 2.

Pauling, G. (1926) Chronicles of a Contractor

Pearl, R (1948) Inaugural Flight, Flight Magazine, May 27th. From Flight Magazine online archives: http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive

Pearl, R (1948) Air Cruise, Flight Magazine, June 3rd. From Flight Magazine online archives: http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive

Pinto, S (1881) How I crossed Africa; from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean, through unknown countries London. Free download Part 1, Part 2.

Pinhey, E. (1984) A check-list of the Odonata of Zimbabwe and Zambia. Bulawayo, Zimbabwe : National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe.

Phillipson, D. W (1968) The Early Iron Age in Zambia: Regional Variants and some Tentative Conclusions Longman, Journal of African History, ix, pp 191-211. Available online.

Phillipson, D. W (1975 & 1990) Mosi-oa-Tunya : A Handbook to the Victoria Falls Region Longman, Salisbury/Harare Rhodesia/Zimbabwe

Powell I. A. (1930) Building the highest bridge in the world. Bulawayo Chronicle, Saturday, 8th March 1930.

Price (1926) Through South Africa with the Prince

Prince A. T. (1906) Bridging the gorge of the Zambezi. The World’s Work, Volume XII, May, 1906 to October 1906, pages 7637-7647. Doubleday, Page & Company, New York.

Rae, W F (1968) George Westbeech and the Barotseland missionaries 1878-1888 Central Africa Historical Association, Salisbury.

Rangeley, H. (1965) Memoirs Northern Rhodesia Journal, VI, pp 351-363.

Ransford, O N (1968) White Mans Camp, Bulawayo, Rhodesiana, No 18, July 1968.

Ransford O (1978) David Livingstone. The Dark Interior. John Murray, London.

Reynolds, P & Crawford Cousins C (1991) Lwaano Lwanyika Tonga Book of the Earth. Save the Children Fund, England.

Rhodesia Railways (1927) The Victoria Falls. London.

Rhodesia Railways (1929) Information for Visitors to The Victoria Falls. London.

Roberts P (2017) Sun, Steel and Spray - A history of the Victoria Falls Bridge. Zambezi Book Company (First published 2011 Victoria Falls Bridge Company). Available to buy online.

Roberts P (2017) Corridors Through Time - A history of the Victoria Falls Hotel. Zambezi Book Company (First published 2015 Jafuta Foundation). Available to buy online.

Roberts P (2017) Footsteps Through Time - A history of Travel and Tourism to the Victoria Falls. Zambezi Book Company. Available to buy online.

Sampson, R (1956) They Came to Northern Rhodesia. Being a record of persons who had entered what is now the Territory of Northern Rhodesia by 31st December, 1902. Lusaka: Northern Rhodesia Government. Free download.

Sampson, R (1972) The man with a toothbrush in his hat: The story and times of George Copp Westbeech in Central Africa. Multimedia Publications Lusaka.

Sampson, R (1980) The struggle for British interests in Barotseland, 1871-88. Multimedia Publications, Lusaka.

Sampson, R (2008) White Induna - George Westbeech and the Barotse People. Xlibris.

Scannell T (1960) Aviation in Central Africa. Horizon Magazine, II, 18-22. From 'Our Rhodesia Heritage' website: http://rhodesianheritage.blogspot.co.uk/2013/07/aviation-in-central-africa.html

Schapera I [Editor] (1960) Livingstone's Private Journals 1851-1853. Chatto & Windus, London.

Schreiner, O (1897) Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland T. Fisher Unwin, London. Free download.

Schulz, A & Hammar A (1897) The New Africa: a journey up the Chobe and down the Okavango Rivers. Heinman, London.

Sekwaswa (Ex-head Messenger) and Mahiritona K (no date) History of Livingstone District, manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Selous, Frederick Couteney (1881), A Hunter's Wanderings in Africa. London. (Rhodesia Reprint Library, Vol 14. Books of Rhodesia, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Free download.

Selous, Frederick Couteney (1881) Journeys in the interior of south-central Africa. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, 2nd series, vol 3, pp169-175.

Selous, Frederick Couteney (1896) Sunshine and storm in Rhodesia; being a narrative of events in Matabeleland both before and during the recent native insurrection up to the date of the disbandment of the Bulawayo field force. London: R Ward. Free download.

Selous, Frederick Couteney (1889) Letters - Journey to the Kafue River and the upper Zambesi. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, 2nd series, vol 7, pp216-223.

Selous, Frederick Couteney (1893) Travel and Adventure in South-East Africa Being the Narrative of the Last Eleven Years Spent by the Author on the Zambesi and its Tributaries, with an Account of the Colonisation of Mashunaland and the Progress of the Gold Industry in that Country. London: Rowland Ward and Co. Free download.

Shaw P A (1985) Late Quaternary Landforms and Environmental Changes in Northwest Botswana Transactions Institue of British Geographers, x, p333-346

Shaw P A and Thomas D G S (1988) Lake Caprivi: a Late Quaternary link between the Zambezi and Middle Kalahari Drainage Systems Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie, xxxii, p329-337

Shepherd, G. (2008) Old Livingstone and Victoria Falls, Stenlake Publishing

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Southern Rhodesia Department of Publicity (1938). The Victoria Falls of Rhodesia.

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Strage, Mark (1973?) Cape to Cairo, Jonathan Cape

Sykes, Frank (1905) Official Guide to the Victoria Falls

Swart D (1978) The Victoria Falls Bridge South African Philantelist 54:127-131

Tabler, E C, Barber, F H, & Frewen, R, (1960) Zambezia and Matabeleland in the seventies Chatto & Windus, London

Tabler, E. C. [Editor] (1963) Trade and Travel in Early Barotseland. The Diaries of George Westbeech 1885-1888 and Captain Norman MacLeod 1875-1876. London: Chatto and Windus

Tabler, E. C. (1966) Pioneers of Rhodesia. Cape Town: C. Struik

Tabor, George (2002) The Cape to Cairo Railway and River Routes, Genta Publications

Tanser, G H (1950) Founders of Rhodesia

Teede, J & Teede, F (1993) African Thunder - The Victoria Falls Tutorial Press Ltd, Zimbabwe

Teede, J & Teede, F (1991) The Zambezi: River of the Gods

Thompson J M (1934) Memorandum on the Native Tribes and Tribal Areas of Northern Rhodesia, Livingstone.

Trayner, W. (1964) The Livingstone Pioneer Northern Rhodesia Journal, V, pp 361-366

Van der Reit (1971) Environmental Impact Assessment on Victoria Falls Rain Forest National Parks Report, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Varian, H F (1953) Notes on a Survey of the Victoria Falls in 1905-6 The Geographical Journal, Vol 84, No 1, p65-72. Available online.

Varian, H F (1953) Some African Milestones Wheatley : George Ronald. (Reprinted 1973 Books of Rhodesia). Free download.

Vogel J (1971) Kamangoza Nairobi, Kenya, for the National Museums of Zambia, Paper No 2

Vogel J (1971) Kumadzulo Lusaka, Zambia, for the National Museums of Zambia, Paper No 3

Vogel J (1971) An Introduction to the Iron Age Cultures of the Victoria Falls Region. Oxford University Press, Nairobi, Kenya, for the National Museums of Zambia.

Vogel J (1974) Simbusenga Lusaka, Zambia, for the National Museums of Zambia, Paper No 4

Vogel J (1987) Iron Age Farmers in South-western Zambia African Archaeological Review, v, pp 157-170.

Wallis, A. H (1910) A Section along the Railway from Cape Town to the Victoria Falls, The Geographical Journal Vol. 36, No. 3 (Sep., 1910), pp. 339-343. Available online.

Wallis J P R (1946) Thomas Baines of King’s Lynn: Explorer and Artist. 1820-1875. Cape, London.

Wallis J P R [Editor](1956) The Zambezi Expedition of David Livingstone 1858-1863 Chatto & Windus, London.

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Welch P (2008) Church and Settler in Colonial Zimbabwe.

Wild H (1964) A Guide to the Flora of the Victoria Falls. In: Fagen B M (Ed).

Wills W A and Colinbridge (1971) The Downfall of Lobengula, Books of Rhodesia.

Williams, Robert (1921) The Cape to Cairo Railway, Journal of the Royal African Society. Vol. 20, No. 80 (Jul., 1921), pp. 241-258. Available online.

Whitehead, D (2014) Inspired by the Zambezi, Memories of Barotseland and a Royal River – the mighty Liamai.

Woods, Jonah (1960) Guide book to the Victoria Falls, S. Manning.

Woods J (1961) The fascinating Gorges and "Silent Pools" of the Victoria Falls. Africa Calls 7:8-12.

Worthington, F (1902) Note on the Mampukushu, manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Zambezi Society (1994) Batoka Gorge: Short-sighted Destruction or Necessary Evil? Paper sent to the Zimbabwe River Authority in response to the Batoka Gorge preliminary impact assessment report.

Sun, Steel and Spray - A History of the Victoria Falls Bridge

Corridors Through Time - A History of the Victoria Falls Hotel

Discover Victoria Falls - Click to visit site

'To The Victoria Falls' aims to bring you the wonder of the Victoria Falls through a look at its natural and human history.

This website has been developed using information researched from a wide variety of sources, including books, magazines and websites etc too numerous to mention or credit individually, although many key references are identified on our References page. Many of the images contained in this website have been sourced from old photographic postcards and publications and no infringement of copyright is intended. We warmly welcome any donations of photographs or information to this website.

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