A Natural Wonder
The Zambezi River
The Victoria Falls
Ecology of the Victoria Falls
Formation of the Victoria Falls
People of the Victoria Falls
Enter the Ndebele
Discovery of the Victoria Falls
In Livingstone's Footsteps
Development of the Rhodesias
Development of the Railway
Development of Tourism
Development of Victoria Falls Town
Recent History
Further Information
Collectables
Help support
this site



    
Footsteps Through Time - A History of Travel and Tourism to the Victoria Falls

To The Victoria Falls

Further information

References

Adams, P. C. G.(1955), Victoria Falls Anthology Cathedral Appeal Fund, Lusaka.

Agate W (1912) Diary of a tour in South Africa. Holness, London. Free download.

Armstrong, A L and Jones N (1936) The antiquity of man in Rhodesia as demonstrated by stone implements of the ancient Zambezi gravels, south of the Victoria Falls. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institue, ixvi. Free download.

Arnot, F S (1883) From Natal to the Upper Zambezi: First Year Among the Barotse. Mission, Glasgow.

Arnot F S (1889) Garenganze: or, Seven Years Pioneer Mission Work in Central Africa. Hawkins, London. Free download.

Arnot F S (1914) Missionary Travels in Central Africa. Holness, London. Free download.

Baden Powell R S S (1897) Matabele campaign, 1896; being a narrative of the campaign in supressing the native rising in Matabeleland and Mashonaland. Holness, London. Free download.

Baker E (1921) The Life & Explorations of Frederick Stanley Arnot. Seeley, Servive & Co. Free download.

Baines, Thomas (1862), The Victoria Falls, Zambezi River, sketched on the spot by Thomas Baines, FRGS, 1862 (reprint Bulawayo, Rhodesia: Books of Rhodesia, 1969).

Baines, Thomas (1864), Explorations in South-West Africa: Being an account of a journey in the years 1861 and 1862 from Walvisch Bay, on the Western Coast to Lake Ngami and the Victoria Falls. Longmans, Roberts and Green, London. Free download.

Baldwin W C (1863) African Hunting and Adventure from Natal to the Zambesi. Bentley, London.

Baxter, P (20??) Rhodesia, Last Outpost of the British Empire (1890-1980), Galago

Beach, D N (1980) The Shona and Zimbabwe, Mambo Press

Bertrand, A (1899) The Kingdom of the Barotse. T. Fisher Unwin, London. Free download

Bethell, A J (1887) Notes on South African Hunting and Notes on a Ride to Victoria Falls of the Zambesi. Sampson, York.

Boon M (2007) Zambezi - The First Solo Journey down Africa’s Mighty River. Struik

Bond G and Clark J D (1954) The Quaternary Sequence in the Middle Zambezi Valley, South African Archaelogical Bulletin, Vol IX, pp 115-130. Available Online.

Bond G (1963) Pleistocene Environments in Southern Africa. In: Howell F C and Bouliere F (Eds) African Ecology and Human Evolution, Chicago, 1963, pp 308-335.

Bond G (1975) The Geology and Formation of the Victoria Falls. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

Bourdillion M F C (1976) The Shona People. Mambo Press, Gwelo (Gweru

Bowler M (1993) Conservation of the Victoria Falls and proposed World Heritage Site. National Parks Report, Harare.

Brelsford W V (1965) Genereation of Men: The European Pioneers of Northern Rhodesia. Stuart Manning, Salisbury, Rhodesia, p 103.

Brelsford W V (1965) The Tribes of Zambia. Second Edition. Lusaka, Zambia.

Brendon, P (2008) The Decline and Fall of the British Empire 1781-1997, Vintage, London

British South Africa Company (1905?) Guide to the Victoria Falls. London.

Bullock C (1927) The Mashona Juta & Co, Cape Town.

Bullock C (1948) The Mashona and the Matabele Juta & Co, Cape Town.

Bulpin, Thomas Victor (1965), To the banks of the Zambezi. Johannesburg, Nelson.

Carruthers , J (1995), The Life and Work of Thomas Baines. London: Longman, Green.

Chapman, James (1868), Travels in the Interior of South Africa, 2 vols., London [Reprint 1971 A A Balkema, Cape Town] Free download Part 1, Part 2.

Clark J D (1950) The Stone Age Cultures of Northern Rhodesia. South Afr. Arch. Pub. Cape Town.

Clark J D (1950) The origin and spelling of the name Zambezi. Northern Rhodesia Journal, No 6, pp69-71

Clark, J D [Editor] (1952) The Victoria Falls : A Handbook to the Victoria Falls, the Batoka Gorge, and part of the Upper Zambesi River Commission for the Preservation of Natural and Historical Monuments and Relics, Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia.

Clark J D (1952) The Native Tribes in Clark J D [ed] The Victoria Falls, Livingstone. 1952.

Clark J D (1970) The Prehistory of Africa. London.

Clark, J D (1975) Stone Age Man at the Victoria Falls. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

Clark, P. M. (1906?) Souvenir of the Victoria Falls

Clark, P. M & Heath, A (1910?) Victoria Falls : An Album London, P G Hunt

Clark, P. M (1925) Guide to the Victoria Falls (Fifth Edition)

Clark, P. M. (1936) Autobiography of an Old Drifter. Harrap, London.

Clay C G R (1959) The Discovery of the Victoria Falls Northern Rhodesian Journal 4:18-21

Clay C G R (1968) Your Friend Lewanika - the life and times of Lubosi Lewanika, Litunga of Barotseland 1842 to 1916 National Museum of Zambia

Colliard F (1897) On the threshold of Africa - A Record of Twenty Years Pioneering among the Barotse of the Upper Zambezi. Hodder and Stoughton, London. Free download

Colson E, (1949) Life Among the Cattle-Owning Plateau Tonga. Rhodes-Livingstone Museum Occ: Pap. No 6

Colson E, (1950) A Note on Tonga and Ndebele. Northern Rhodesia Journal, No 2, Dec pp 35-41

Cotterill F P D (2006) The evolutionary history and taxonomy of the Kobus leche species complex of south-central Africa in the context of palaeo-drainage dynamics. Ph.D. thesis, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch

Cooke C K (1966) An acount of iron smelting techniques once practiced by the Manyubi of the Matopo district of Rhodesia, S. Afr, Achaeol. Bull. 21(82) 86-87.

Cooke C K (1975) The Zeederburg Coach, Rhodesianna, No 32, March pp 43-7.

Cooke H B & Clark J D (1940) New Fossil Elephant Remains from the Victoria Falls Transactions of the Royal Society of Souther Africa 27:287-319

Cooke H J (1980) Landform Evolution in the Context of Climatic Change and Neotectonism in the Middle Kalahari of North Central Botswana Transactions Institute of British Geographers, v, p80-90

Coupland, R (1928), Kirk on the Zambezi A Chapter of African History, Oxford

Creewel, J. (2004) One hundred Years - A history of the Victoria Falls Hotel - 1904-2004

Critchel, R (2007) A fireman in Africa. From 'The Great North Road' website: http://www.greatnorthroad.org/boma/Fireman_in_Africa

Croxton, A. (1982) Railways of Zimbabwe (originally published as Railways of Rhodesia) [Originally published as Railways of Rhodesia]

Curzon, Lord (1909) The Victoria Falls. From 'The Times,' 14 April 1909

Daniels S G H and Phillipson D W (1969) The Early Iron Age Site at Damba near Livingstone In Fagan B M and Phillipson D W and Daniels S G H, Iron Age Cultures in Zambia, ii, London, pp 3-54

Decle L (1898) Three Years in Savage Africa London. Free download

Derricourt R M (1976) Retrogression Rate of the Victoria Falls and the Batoka Gorge Nature 264, pp 23-25. Available online

Dixey F (1950) Geology. In: Clark J D (ed) The Stone Age Cultures of Northern Rhodesia. South African Archaeological Society, Cape Town, pp 9–29

Du Toit A L (1933) Crustal movement as a factor in the geographical evolution of South Africa. S Afr Geogr J 16:4–20

DuToit R F (1982) A Preliminary Assessment of the Environmental Implications of the proposed Mupata and Batoka Hydro-electric Schemes Natural Resources Board Report, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Ese K (1996) A Historical Guide to Livingstone Town Directory Publishers, Bulawayo.

Fagan, B M [Editor] (1964) The Victoria Falls : A Handbook to the Victoria Falls, the Batoka Gorge, and part of the Upper Zambesi River (Second Edition) Commission for the Preservation of Natural and Historical Monuments and Relics, Lusaka, Zambia

Fagan B M and Phillipson D W and Daniels S G H, (1969) Iron Age Cultures in Zambia - , Volune II, London, pp 3-54

Fanshawe D B (1972) The Vegetation of Livingstone Forest Research Pamphlets, Lusaka Zambia

Fanshawe D B (1975) The Flora. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

Feiden H W (1905) The Stone Age of the Zambezi Valley and its relation to Time Nature 75: 77-78

Foskett (ed.). (1965) The Zambesi Journal and Letters of Dr John Kirk Edinburgh and London

Fox, Francis, Sir. (1924) Sixty-three years of engineering, scientific and social work. London, J. Murray. Free download.

Frew (1934) Prince George's African Tour

Gale, W D (1973) The Years between - half a century of responsible government in Rhodesia.

Gardner M V (1991) Observations on the Victoria Falls Zimbabwe Tourist Board Report, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Gibbons A St H (1897) Explorations and Hunting in Central Africa. Methun, London.

Gibbons A St H (1904) Africa from South to North. Through Marotseland. Lane, London. Free download Part 1, Part 2.

Gupta, A (2007) [editor] Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management John Wiley and Sons, England.

Green L G (1956) Legends of the Victoria Falls In: There's a Secret Hid Away 108-114 Howard Timmins, Cape Town.

Grogan, E S and Sharp, A H (1900) From the Cape to Cairo London, Hurst and Blackett. Free download.

Hamner, E, D (1983) Steam locomotives of Rhodesia Railways: The story of steam, 1892-1979 Frank Stenvalls Forlag

Harding C (1895) In Remotest Barotseland. Hurst, London. Free download.

Hartley R (1993) The Batoka Gorges, Haven for Birds of Prey Africa Wildlife 47:2

Heath R A (1977) Victoria Falls. The Growth of a Rhodesian Village Proceedings of the Geographical Association of Rhodesia 10:15-29

Hobson, G A (1905) The Victoria Falls Bridge, The African World, Vol 3, 9 December, p107

Hobson, G (1907) The Victoria Falls Bridge. Institution of Civil Engineers, Session 1906-1907, Part IV, Section 1. Minutes of Proceedings 19 March, 1907 (Paper No 3675). Volume 170,January 1907, Pages 1–49. Available online Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.

Hobson, G (1923) The Great Zambesi Bridge - The Story of a Famous Engineering Feat. In Weinthal, L

Holly L and Darbois D (1967) Masks and Figures of Eastern and Southern Africa. London.

Holub, Emil (1881) Seven Years in South Africa. Travels, Researches and Hunting Adventures, Between the Diamond-Fields and the Zambesi, 1872-79 London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, (reprinted Johannesburg: Africana Book Society 1976).

Hutchinson, G D (1905) From the Cape to the Zambesi. J Murray, London. Free download.

Hyder Consulting (2007) Footprints on a Global Landscape – 100 years of improving the built environment. Hyder Consulting. Available online.

Indakwa J (1981) King Lewanika and the expansion of British rule in Barotseland 1890-1923 , manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Jalla A D (no date) The History of the Barotse Nation, manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Jeal T (1993) Livingstone Pimlico, London.

Keller B (1967) Wood Carvers of Zambia National Museums of Zambia Special Paper.

Le Roux, Servaas (1939) Pioneers and Sportsmen of South Africa 1760-1890 Salisbury, S. Rhodesia, published by the author and printed by The Art Printing Works

Lamplugh G W. (1907) Geology of the Zambezi Basin around Batoka Gorge Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 63, pp 162-216. Available online.

Lamplugh G W. (1908) The gorge and basin of the Zambesi below the Victoria Falls, Rhodesia Geographical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Feb 1908), pp. 133-152. Available online.

Langman D W (1978) Factors Affecting Syzgium Dirstribution in the Victoria Falls Rain Forest National Parks Research Papers, Harare, Zimbabwe

Livingstone, David (1857), Missionary travels and researches in South Africa : including a sketch of sixteen years' residence in the interior of Africa, and a journey from the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda, on the west coast, thence across the continent, down the river Zambesi, to the eastern ocean, London. Free download.

Livingstone, David & Livingstone, Charles (1865), Narrative of an expedition to the Zambesi and its tributaries and of the discovery of the lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864 London. Free download.

McAdam (1965) Early Birds in Central Africa, Rhodesiana. From: http://www.rhodesia.nl/Aviation/early.htm

McAdam (1969) Birth of an Airline, Rhodesiana. From: http://www.rhodesia.nl/Aviation/rana.htm

McDonald F W (1893) The Story of Mashonaland and The Missionary Pioneers, London, Wesleyan Mission House.

McGregor, JoAnn (2003) The Victoria Falls 1900-1940: Landscape, Tourism and the Geographical Imagination, Journal of Southern African Studies, Volume 29, Number 3, September 2003 , pp. 717-737(21). Available online.

McGregor, JoAnn (2009) Crossing the Zambezi : The Politics of Landscape on an African Frontier. Oxford : James Currey & Harare : Weaver Press

McFarlane M J, Segadika P (2001) Archaeological evidence for the reassessment of the ages of the Makgadigadi. Botswana Notes and Records 33:83–90

Mackintosh C W (1907) Coillard of the Zambesi. Unwin, London. Free download.

Mackintosh C W (1922) The new Zambesi trail ; a record of two journeys to North-Western Rhodesia (1903 and 1920). Unwin, London. Free download.

Macmillan H (2005) An African Trading Empire - The Story of Susman Borthers and Wulfsohn, 1901-2005. I B Tauris & Co Ltd, London.

Mallais J G (1918) Life of F C Selous. Longman, London.

Marshall Hole H (1936) Pioneer Days in Southern Rhodesia. Journal of the Royal African Society. Vol 35, No 138. (Jan, 1936), pp37-47. Oxford University Press. Available online.

Martin, D. (1997) Victoria Falls: Mosi-oa-Tunya African Publishing Group, Harare.

Main, M (1990) Zambezi – Journey of a River, Southern Book Publishers, South Africa.

Maufe H B (1936) The Geology of the Victoria Falls The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institue of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol 66, p348-368. Available online.

Maufe H B (1938) New Sections in the Kalahari Beds at the Victoria Falls, Rhodesia Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 41, p211-224

Metcalfe, Charles (1916) Railway Development of Africa, Present and Future, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Jan 1916), pp. 3-17. Available online.

Michler I (2007) Victoria Falls and Surrounds. Struik, South Africa.

Mizinga, F.M. (1995) Activities characterising the lwiindi ceremony of the Leya of Mukuni chieftainancy of Kalomo District.. Livingstone Museum Newsletter, Vol 3, Issue 1, p24-28.

Moffat R (1842) Missionary Labours and Scenes in Southern Africa R Carter, New York. Free download

Mohr, Edward (1876), To the Victoria Falls of the Zambesi, translated by N. D'Anvers. Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivingston, London (Rhodesia Reprint Library, V28)

Molyneux, A. J. C. (1905), The Zambezi River and the Victoria Falls. Proceedings of the Rhodesia Scientific Association 5:25-29

Molyneux, A. J. C. (1905), The Physical History of the Victoria Falls, Geographical Journal. Vol. 25, No. 1 (Jan., 1905), pp. 40-55. Available online.

Molyneux, A. J. C. (1905), The Victoria Falls of the Zambezi, Bulletin of the American Geographical Society. Vol. 37, No. 4 (1905), pp. 213-216. Available online.

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Mukuni, Chief (1957) Handbook of the Leya History, manuscript in Livingstone Museum

Muntemba M (1970) Political and ritual soverignty among the Mukuni Leya of Zambia. Zambia Museum Journal, i.

Mubitana K (1975) The Traditional History and Ethnography of the Victoria Falls Region. In: Phillipson D W (Ed).

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Oates, Frank (1881) Matabele Land and the Victoria Falls: A Naturalist's Wanderings in the Interior of South Africa. C.G. Oates, editor. London: C. Kegan Paul and Company. Free download.

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Price (1926) Through South Africa with the Prince

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Selous, Frederick Couteney (1896) Sunshine and storm in Rhodesia; being a narrative of events in Matabeleland both before and during the recent native insurrection up to the date of the disbandment of the Bulawayo field force. London: R Ward. Free download.

Selous, Frederick Couteney (1889) Letters - Journey to the Kafue River and the upper Zambesi. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, 2nd series, vol 7, pp216-223.

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Sun, Steel and Spray - A History of the Victoria Falls Bridge

Corridors Through Time - A History of the Victoria Falls Hotel

Discover Victoria Falls - Click to visit site

'To The Victoria Falls' aims to bring you the wonder of the Victoria Falls through a look at its natural and human history.

This website has been developed using information researched from a wide variety of sources, including books, magazines and websites etc too numerous to mention or credit individually, although many key references are identified on our References page. Many of the images contained in this website have been sourced from old photographic postcards and publications and no infringement of copyright is intended. We warmly welcome any donations of photographs or information to this website.

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