A Natural Wonder
Ecology of the Victoria Falls
Formation of the Victoria Falls
People of the Victoria Falls
Enter the Ndebele
Discovery of the Victoria Falls
In Livingstone's Footsteps
Development of the Rhodesias
Development of the Railway
Development of Tourism
Development of Victoria Falls Town
Further Information
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To The Victoria Falls

Ecology of the Victoria Falls

The Amphibians of the Victoria Falls

Please note page is in development...

Introduction

This section is still in development and more information will be appearing here soon.

Species List

FROGS OF VICTORIA FALLS AND SURROUNDING REGION

PLANTANNAS (Genus ZENOPUS)

Hind feet have claws on three toes. Almost completely aquatic, with muscular hind feet and toes with extensive webbing. Eyes towards the snout, facing upwards, with round pupil.

TEMPERATE (COMMON) PLANTANNA – Xenopus muelleri
6-10cm. Dark grey-brown, sometimes mottled. Any permanent body of water. (VF only)

TOPICAL PLANTANNA – Xenopus laevis
5-9cm. Mottled brown. Savannah pans with semi-permanent water.

RUBBER FROGS (Genus PURYNOMANTIS)

Rubbery, smooth skin. Round pupil.

BANDED RUBBER FROG – Purynomantis bifasciatus
5-6.5cm. Shiny black with two broad orange-red stripes from snout to rump. Savannah ponds.

SHOVEL-NOSED FROGS.

Rotund body, chisel-like snout. No pads on toes, vertical pupil, thick front legs.

MOTTLED SHOVEL-NOSED (MARBLED PIG-SNOUTED) FROG – Hemisus marmoratus
3.5-4.5cm. Mottled grey-brown, sometimes with yellow. Muddy banks of streams and pans.

KASSINAS

Moist, smooth skin. No pads on toes, large eye with vertical pupil, bullet-shaped body.

BUBBLING KASSINA (SENEGAL WALKING) FROG – Kassina senegalensis
3-5cm. Cream to olive/orange with solid wide dark strip down centre of back, broken stripes down sides. Vleis and grassland.

REED & FOAM NEST FROGS.

Pads on toes, horizontal pupil.

LONG REED FROG – Hyperolius marmoratus
2-2.5cm. Translucent green or brown, males with silvery white stripe. Grassy banks and reed beds around pans and rivers.

PAINTED REED FROG – Hyperolius nasutus
2.5-3.5cm. Varied colour phases and subspecies. Plain dark brown form. Savannah pans.

FOAM NEST (GREY TREE) FROG – Chiromantis xerampelina
3-3.5cm. Grey-brown with pale central strip of variable colour. Savannah pans.

RAIN FROGS

Rotund body, flattened snout, forward pointing eyes. Pads on toes, horizontal pupil.

BUSHVELD RAIN FROG – Breviceps adspersus
4-5cm. Mottled brown with pairs of yellow brown patches. Dry bushveld, savannah on sandy soils. [HNP?]

BULL & TREE FROGS

AFRICAN BULLFROG – Pyxicephalus edulas
9-11cm. Dull dark green and brown mottling and ridges. Savannah pans.

BOCAGE'S TREE (BURROWING) FROG – Lepyopelis bocagii
5-6cm. Tan brown with distinct horse-shoe pattern on back. Sandy savannah.

SAND FROGS

Pads on toes, horizontal pupil. Stockily built, similar species with irregular wart-like bumps and spots, brown/grey brown mottling.

TREMOLO SAND FROG – Tomopyerna crytotus
4.5-5cm. Temporary pans in savannah and grassland.

RUSSET-BACKED SAND FROG – Tomopterna maruorata
4.5-5cm. Sand banks and rocks along quiet dams and streams.

TOADS

Solid, square, stout bodied. Noticeable wart-like glands, especially parotoid gland either side of neck. Horizontal pupil.

GUTTURAL TOAD – Bufo gutteralis
10cm. Pairs of dark patches on back. Pairs of patches on the snout and behind the eyes leave a pale cross pattern. Red colouring on inner back legs.

FLAT BACKED TOAD – Bufo maculates
6-5cm. Similar to Guttural Toad but no red on inner legs.

WESTERN OLIVE TOAD – Bufo poweri
10cm. Pairs of dark patches on back. No patches on snout. Paratoid reddish. Savannah pans and dams.

RED TOAD – Scismaderma careens
7-9cm. Brick red, two dark spots in middle of back. Skin leathery and without elevated glands. Deep pools, dams.

NORTHERN PYGMY TOAD – Bufo fenoucheti
3-3.5cm. Rough skinned, except snout. Dark markings with paler patches between shoulders. Temporary rocky pools in grassland.

RIVER & GRASS FROGS

Angular body, smooth skin. Horizontal eye, no pads on toes. Grass frogs have ridges along back. Shallow vleis and pans in savannah grassland. Closely related family, identified by patterns on back legs.

COMMON RIVER FROG – Afracna angolensis
4-8cm. Green or brown with dark spots, often strip down spine. Thick grass adjacent to perennial rivers, stream, vleis and dams.

PLAIN GRASS (RIDGED) FROG – Ptychadena anchietae
4-5.5cm. Plain brick red.

SPECKLED GRASS (SPOT BELLIED RIDGE) FROG – Ptychadena subpunctata
4-5.5cm. Mottled grey-brown.

STRIPED (THREE STRIPED RIDGED) FROG – Ptychadena porosissima
4-5.5cm. Greenish-grey with darker spots.

BROAD-BANDED GRASS (RIDGED) FROG – Ptychadena mossambica
4-5.5cm. Greenish-grey with darker spots.

DWARF GRASS (RIDGED) FROG – Ptychadena taeniosceus
3-4cm. Brown with greenish-blue areas.

PUDDLE FROGS

Horizontal eye, no pads on toes. Often wih stripe down centre of back. Vleis and grassy pans.

SNORING (NATAL) PUDDLE FROG – Phynobatrachus natalensis
2.5-3cm. Grey to brown, mottled with wart-like elevations on skin.

DWARF PUDDLE FROG – Phrynobatrachus mababiensis
2cm. Grey to brown, mottled with wart-like elevations on skin.

CACO

COMMON CACO – Cacosternum boettgeri
2-2.5. Variable, bright green to brown. Marshland, temporary pools and pans.

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'To The Victoria Falls' aims to bring you the wonder of the Victoria Falls through a look at its natural and human history.

This website has been developed using information researched from a wide variety of sources, including books, magazines and websites etc too numerous to mention or credit individually, although many key references are identified on our References page. Many of the images contained in this website have been sourced from old photographic postcards and publications and no infringement of copyright is intended. We warmly welcome any donations of photographs or information to this website.

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