A Natural Wonder
Ecology of the Victoria Falls
Formation of the Victoria Falls
People of the Victoria Falls
Enter the Ndebele
Discovery of the Victoria Falls
In Livingstone's Footsteps
Development of the Rhodesias
Development of the Railway
Development of Tourism
Development of Victoria Falls Town
Further Information
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To The Victoria Falls

Ecology of the Victoria Falls

The Birds of the Victoria Falls

Please note page is in development...

Introduction

The rich avifauna, over 400 species in the Victoria Falls region as a whole, includes a wide range of waterbirds along the river above the Falls, and birds such as Heuglin's robin (Cossypha heuglini), Knysna turaco (Tauraco corythaix), and trumpeter hornbill (Bycanistes bucinator) in the Falls 'rainforest' area.

Found above the Falls are whitebacked night heron (Gorsachius leuconotus), African finfoot (Podica senegalensis) and rock pratincole (Glareola nuchalis).

The Taita falcon (Falco fasciinucha (rare but widespread in eastern and central Africa) breeds in the gorges, as do black stork (Ciconia nigra), black eagle (Aquilla verreauxi), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) and augur buzzard (Buteo rufofuscatus augur.

Species List

This list has been compiled from a variety of sources, from published material to personal observations, and is not claimed to be comprehensive or complete.

Common Ostrich Struthio camelus

Coqui Francolin Peliperdix coqui

Crested Francolin Peliperdix sephaena

Shelley's Francolin Scleroptila shelleyi

Red-billed Francolin Pternistes adspersus

Natal Francolin Pternistes natalensis

Swainson's Spurfowl Pternistes swainsonii

Harlequin Quail Coturnix delegorguei

Crested Guineafowl Guttera pucherani

Helmeted Guineafowl Numida meleagris

Fulvous Duck Dendrocygna bicolor

White-faced Duck Dendrocygna viduata

White-backed Duck Thalassornis leuconotus

Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus

Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis

Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

African Pygmy-Goose Nettapus auritus

African Black Duck Anas sparsa

Yellow-billed Duck Anas undulata

Cape Shoveler Anas smithii

Red-billed Teal Anas erythrorhyncha

Garganey Anas querquedula

Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota

Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma

Hottentot Buttonquail Turnix hottentotta

Scaly-throated Honeyguide Indicator variegatus

Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator

Lesser Honeyguide Indicator minor

Pallid Honeyguide Indicator meliphilus

Green-backed Honeybird Prodotiscus zambesiae

Brown-backed Honeybird Prodotiscus regulus

Bennett's Woodpecker Campethera bennettii

Golden-tailed Woodpecker Campethera abingoni

Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens

Bearded Woodpecker Dendropicos namaquus

Olive Woodpecker Dendropicos griseocephalus

Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus chrysoconus

Acacia Pied Barbet Tricholaema leucomelas

Black-collared Barbet Lybius torquatus

Crested Barbet Trachyphonus vaillantii

Red-billed Hornbill Tockus erythrorhynchus

Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus leucomelas

Crowned Hornbill Tockus alboterminatus

Bradfield's Hornbill Tockus bradfieldi

African Grey Hornbill Tockus nasutus

Trumpeter Hornbill Bycanistes bucinator

Southern Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri

African Hoopoe Upupa africana

Green Wood-Hoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus

Common Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus cyanomelas

Narina Trogon Apaloderma narina

European Roller Coracias garrulus

Lilac-breasted Roller Coracias caudate

Racket-tailed Roller Coracias spatulata

Purple Roller Coracias naevia

Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus

Half-collared Kingfisher Alcedo semitorquata

Malachite Kingfisher Alcedo cristata

African Pygmy-Kingfisher Ispidina picta

Grey-headed Kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala

Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis

Brown-hooded Kingfisher Halcyon albiventris

Striped Kingfisher Halcyon chelicuti

Giant Kingfisher Megaceryle maxima

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis

White-fronted Bee-eater Merops bullockoides

Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus

Swallow-tailed Bee-eater Merops hirundineus

Madagascar Bee-eater Merops superciliosus

European Bee-eater Merops apiaster

Southern Carmine Bee-eater Merops nubicoides

Red-faced Mousebird Urocolius indicus

Jacobin Cuckoo Oxylophus jacobinus

Levaillant's Cuckoo Oxylophus levaillantii

Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius

Red-chested Cuckoo Cuculus solitarius

Black Cuckoo Cuculus clamosus

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

African Cuckoo Cuculus gularis

Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx montanus

Klaas's Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas

African Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx cupreus

Diderick Cuckoo Chrysococcyx caprius

Black Coucal Centropus grillii

Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus

Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis

White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus

Cape Parrot Poicephalus robustus

Meyer's Parrot Poicephalus meyeri

Lilian's Lovebird Agapornis lilianae

African Palm-Swift Cypsiurus parvus

Common Swift Apus apus

African Black Swift Apus barbatus

Little Swift Apus affinis

White-rumped Swift Apus caffer

Schalow's Turaco Tauraco schalowi

Ross's Turaco Musophaga rossae

Grey Go-away-bird Corythaixoides concolor

Barn Owl Tyto alba

African Scops-Owl Otus senegalensis

Southern White-faced Scops-Owl Ptilopsus granti

Spotted Eagle-Owl Bubo africanus

Verreaux's Eagle-Owl Bubo lacteus

Pel's Fishing-Owl Scotopelia peli

African Wood-Owl Strix woodfordii

Pearl-spotted Owlet Glaucidium perlatum

African Barred Owlet Glaucidium capense

Marsh Owl Asio capensis

European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus

Rufous-cheeked Nightjar Caprimulgus rufigena

Fiery-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus pectoralis

Swamp Nightjar Caprimulgus natalensis

Freckled Nightjar Caprimulgus tristigma

Square-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii

Pennant-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx vexillarius

Rock Dove Columba livia

African Olive-Pigeon Columba arquatrix

Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis

African Mourning Dove Streptopelia decipiens

Cape Turtle-Dove Streptopelia capicola

Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorquata

Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove Turtur chalcospilos

Namaqua Dove Oena capensis

African Green-Pigeon Treron calva

Denham's Bustard Neotis denhami

Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori

Red-crested Korhaan Eupodotis ruficrista

Black-bellied Bustard Eupodotis melanogaster

Wattled Crane Grus carunculatus

African Finfoot Podica senegalensis

African Rail Rallus caerulescens

African Crake Crecopsis egregia

Black Crake Amaurornis flavirostris

African Purple Swamphen Porphyrio madagascariensis

Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Lesser Moorhen Gallinula angulata

Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata

Yellow-throated Sandgrouse Pterocles gutturalis

Double-banded Sandgrouse Pterocles bicinctus

African Snipe Gallinago nigripennis

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica

Common Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Sanderling Calidris alba

Little Stint Calidris minuta

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Ruff Philomachus pugnax

Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis

African Jacana Actophilornis africanus

Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis

Water Thick-knee Burhinus vermiculatus

Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula

Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius

Three-banded Plover Charadrius tricollaris

Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus

White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus

Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus

Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus

Long-toed Lapwing Vanellus crassirostris

Blacksmith Lapwing Vanellus armatus

White-crowned Lapwing Vanellus albiceps

African Wattled Lapwing Vanellus senegallus

Crowned Lapwing Vanellus coronatus

Bronze-winged Courser Rhinoptilus chalcopterus

Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola

Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni

Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis

Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus

Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica

Caspian Tern Sterna caspia

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

African Cuckoo Hawk Aviceda cuculoides

European Honey-Buzzard Pernis apivorus

Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus

Black Kite Milvus migrans

Yellow-billed Kite Milvus aegyptius

African Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer

Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus

White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus

Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus

White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis

Black-chested Snake-Eagle Circaetus pectoralis

Brown Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinereus

Western Banded Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinerascens

Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus

African Marsh-Harrier Circus ranivorus

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus

African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus

Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus

Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates

Gabar Goshawk Melierax gabar

African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro

Shikra Accipiter badius

Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus

Ovambo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis

Black Sparrowhawk Accipiter melanoleucus

Steppe Buzzard Buteo vulpinus

Augur Buzzard Buteo augur

Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina

Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax

Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii

Wahlberg's Eagle Aquila wahlbergi

African Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus spilogaster

Ayres's Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus ayresii

Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus

Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis

African Crowned Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus

Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius

Greater Kestrel Falco rupicoloides

Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni

Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera

Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus

Sooty Falcon Falco concolor

Northern Hobby Falcon Falco subbuteo

African Hobby Falcon Falco cuvierii

Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Taita Falcon Falco fasciinucha

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis

African Darter Anhinga rufa

Reed Cormorant Phalacrocorax africanus

White-breasted Cormorant Phalacrocorax lucidus

Slaty Egret Egretta vinaceigula

Black Heron Egretta ardesiaca

Little Egret Egretta garzetta

Yellow-billed Egret Egretta intermedia

Great Egret Egretta alba

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

Black-headed Heron Ardea melanocephala

Goliath Heron Ardea goliath

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides

Rufous-bellied Heron Ardeola rufiventris

Green-backed Heron Butorides striatus

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

White-backed Night-Heron Gorsachius leuconotus

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus

Dwarf Bittern Ixobrychus sturmii

Hamerkop Scopus umbretta

Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus rubber

Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

Hadeda Ibis Bostrychia hagedash

African Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus

African Spoonbill Platalea alba

Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus

Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens

Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis

African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus

Black Stork Ciconia nigra

Abdim's Stork Ciconia abdimii

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

White Stork Ciconia ciconia

Saddle-billed Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis

Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis

Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio

Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor

Magpie Shrike Corvinella melanoleuca

Southern White-crowned Shrike Eurocephalus qnguitimens

Pied Crow Corvus albus

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus

African Golden Oriole Oriolus auratus

Black-headed Oriole Oriolus larvatus

White-breasted Cuckooshrike Coracina pectoralis

Black Cuckooshrike Campephaga flava

Blue-mantled Crested Flycatcher Trochocercus cyanomelas

African Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis

Brubru Nilaus afer

Black-backed Puffback Dryoscopus cubla

Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegala

Brown-crowned Tchagra Tchagra australis

Swamp Boubou Laniarius bicolor

Crimson-breasted Shrike Laniarius atrococcineus

Orange-breasted Bush-Shrike Telophorus sulfureopectus

Grey-headed Bush-Shrike Malaconotus blanchoti

White-crested Helmet-Shrike Prionops plumatus

Retz's Helmet-Shrike Prionops retzii

Chinspot Batis Batis molitor

Miombo Rock-Thrush Monticola angolensis

Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsipsirupa

Pale Flycatcher Bradornis pallidus

Marico Flycatcher Bradornis mariquensis

Southern Black Flycatcher Melaenornis pammelaina

Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata

Ashy Flycatcher Muscicapa caerulescens

Grey Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus plumbeus

Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia

White-browed Robin-Chat Cossypha heuglini

Red-capped Robin-Chat Cossypha natalensis

Collared Palm-Thrush Cichladusa arquata

Bearded Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas quadrivirgata

White-browed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas leucophrys

African Stonechat Saxicola torquata

Capped Wheatear Oenanthe pileata

Familiar Chat Cercomela familiaris

Arnott's Chat Myrmecocichla arnotti

Mocking Cliff-Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris

Red-winged Starling Onychognathus morio

Cape Glossy Starling Lamprotornis nitens

Greater Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis chalybaeus

Miombo Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis elisabeth

Meves's Starling Lamprotornis mevesii

Violet-backed Starling Cinnyricinclus leucogaster

Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea

Yellow-billed Oxpecker Buphagus africanus

Red-billed Oxpecker Buphagus erythrorhynchus

Grey Penduline-Tit Anthoscopus caroli

Southern Black Tit Parus niger

Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris

Grey Tit Parus afer

Sand Martin Riparia riparia

Banded Martin Riparia cincta

Grey-rumped Swallow Pseudhirundo griseopyga

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

White-throated Swallow Hirundo albigularis

Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii

Greater Striped Swallow Hirundo cucullata

Lesser Striped Swallow Hirundo abyssinica

Red-breasted Swallow Hirundo semirufa

Rock Martin Hirundo fuligula

Common House-Martin Delichon urbica

White-headed Saw-wing Psalidoprogne albiceps

Dark-capped Bulbul Pycnonotus tricolor

African Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus nigricans

Yellow-bellied Greenbul Chlorocichla flaviventris

Terrestrial Brownbul Phyllastrephus terrestris

Eastern Nicator Nicator gularis

Red-faced Cisticola Cisticola erythrops

Lazy Cisticola Cisticola aberrans

Rattling Cisticola Cisticola chinianus

Tinkling Cisticola Cisticola rufilatus

Rufous-winged Cisticola Cisticola galactotes

Croaking Cisticola Cisticola natalensis

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis

Tawny-flanked Prinia Prinia subflava

Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida

Grey-backed Camaroptera Camaroptera brevicaudata

Barred Wren-Warbler Calamonastes fasciolatus

African Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis

Little Rush-Warbler Bradypterus baboecala

Sedge Warbler Acrocephamus schoenobaenus

African Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus baeticatus

Great Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Basra Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus griseldis

Greater Swamp-Warbler Acrocephalus rufescens

Lesser Swamp-Warbler Acrocephalus gracilirostris

Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum

Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina

Yellow-bellied Eremomela Eremomela icteropygialis

Burnt-necked Eremomela Eremomela usticollis

Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla

Long-billed Crombec Sylvietta rufescens

Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus

Southern Hyliota Hyliota australis

Hartlaub's Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii

Arrow-marked Babbler Turdoides jardineii

Chestnut-vented Tit-Babbler Parisoma subcaeruleum

Monotonous Lark Mirafra passerina

Rufous-naped Lark Mirafra africana

Flappet Lark Mirafra rufocinnamomea

Sabota Lark Mirafra sabota

Dusky Lark Pinarocorys nigricans

Chestnut-backed Sparrowlark Eremopterix leucotis

Grey-backed Sparrowlark Eremopterix verticalis

Amethyst Sunbird Chalcomitra amethystina

Scarlet-chested Sunbird Chalcomitra senegalensis

White-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris talatala

Copper Sunbird Cinnyris cuprea

Shelley's Sunbird Cinnyris shelleyi

Marico Sunbird Cinnyris mariquensis

Purple-banded Sunbird Cinnyris bifasciata

House Sparrow Passer domesticus

Southern Grey-headed Sparrow Passer diffusus

Northern Grey-headed Sparrow Passer griseus

Yellow-throated Petronia Petronia superciliaris

African Pied Wagtail Motacilla aguimp

Cape Wagtail Motacilla capensis

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava

Mountain Wagtail Motacilla clara

Rosy-throated Longclaw Macronyx ameliae

African Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus

Plain-backed Pipit Anthus leucophrys

Buffy Pipit Anthus vaalensis

Red-billed Buffalo Weaver Buba|ornis niger

White-browed Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser mahali

Lesser Masked-Weaver Ploceus intermedius

Spectacled Weaver Ploceus ocularis

Golden Weaver Ploceus xanthops

Southern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus xanthopterus

Southern Masked-Weaver Ploceus velatus

Village Weaver Ploceus cucullatus

Red-headed Weaver Anaplectes rubriceps

Red-headed Quelea Quelea erythrops

Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelua

Yellow-crowned Bishop Euplectes afer

Southern Red Bishop Euplectes orix

Yellow Bishop Euplectes capensis

Fan-tailed Widowbird Euplectes axillaries

White-winged Widowbird Euplectes albonotatus

Cuckoo Finch Anomalospiza imberbis

Thick-billed Weaver Amblyospiza albifrons

Orange-winged Pytilia Pytilia afra

Green-winged Pytilia Pytilia melba

Red-throated Twinspot Hypargos niveoguttatus

Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula

Red-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta senegala

Jameson's Firefinch Lagonosticta rhodopareia

Blue Waxbill Uraeginthus angolensis

Violet-eared Waxbill Granatina granatina

Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild

Orange-breasted Waxbill Amandava subflava

African Quailfinch Ortygospiza atricollis

Bronze Mannikin Lonchura cucullata

Red-backed Mannikin Lonchura nigriceps

Cut-throat Finch Amadina fasciata

Village Indigobird Vidua chalybeata

Purple Indigobird Vidua purpurascens

Shaft-tailed Whydah Vidua regia

Pin-tailed Whydah Vidua macroura

Long-tailed Paradise-Whydah Vidua paradisaea

Broad-tailed Paradise-Whydah Vidua obtusa

Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis

Yellow-fronted Canary Serinus mozambicus

Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli

Cinnamon-breasted Bunting Emberiza tahapisi

Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza flaviventris

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'To The Victoria Falls' aims to bring you the wonder of the Victoria Falls through a look at its natural and human history.

This website has been developed using information researched from a wide variety of sources, including books, magazines and websites etc too numerous to mention or credit individually, although many key references are identified on our References page. Many of the images contained in this website have been sourced from old photographic postcards and publications and no infringement of copyright is intended. We warmly welcome any donations of photographs or information to this website.

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